Last Updated on January 19, 2023 by Faiza Murtaza
Elementary school or primary school is all about exploring the basics of every subject. There are mainly five subjects in primary classes that are taught to students.
The basics of all the branches of each of these subjects are introduced in elementary school and further details of the same are taught in middle school. In high school, the students have the choice of finally deciding the subjects they have more interest in and wish to study in more depth and detail.
The five main subjects that are a part of the syllabus in primary classes or classes 1 to 5 are English, Hindi, Mathematics, General Science and Social Studies.
Of these subjects, two are language-based subjects, English and Hindi. Maths is the subject that deals with numbers, shapes, calculations and makes us ready for handling real-life situations where we will need to handle these problems.
Science is the subject that introduces the students to their body and their environment. This subject is also called Environmental Science or EVS in many schools. Social Studies deals with society and its functioning.
All these subjects together form the base or the foundation of your knowledge and your learning for higher classes and also help you identify your strengths and weaknesses.
Many parents whose students will be joining school very soon and will be starting their primary education might be looking for the subjects and kind of topics that their children will learn in the fast few years of schooling.
In this article, we will be looking at the basic topics and concepts that the students are introduced to under these subjects in primary classes.
This article will help you know the subjects that your ward will be studying in the early years of school and the topics that they will be learning in each subject.
This will let you have a rough idea of the same and help you prepare your ward for school. Also for the teachers looking for how to teach online or offline and help students in primary classes, this article will offer a few insights.
To begin with the language subjects, English and Hindi are primarily the languages used in the school. English is also the medium of teaching and instruction.
Both these subjects begin with the students being introduced to letters and alphabets and then how to write the same and make proper formations.
Soon words are introduced and then short sentences. This allows the students to use the learnt alphabets and letters and apply them to words and sentences.
Short poetry and prose are then introduced and later the students are given longer texts to read and answer questions based on the same. Grammar is also part of the syllabus and is mostly incorporated with all other topics. Writing passages, letters, articles and other creative pieces are also part of these subjects.
Maths is not just a subject but a collection of topics and concepts that help the students easily solve problems in their day to day lives. Numbers, number names and comparing the smaller and greater numbers are a few topics that this subject begins with.
Operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication and division are introduced to help students solve problems and then different types of numbers like odd numbers, even numbers, whole numbers, natural numbers, prime numbers and composite numbers are introduced.
Based on these topics, HCF and LCM are taught. Fractions, decimals and measurements are also some topics covered in primary school maths.
General Science introduces students to their own body and their surrounding. Knowing the various body parts, organs and senses along with body processes are important in this subject.
Weather, water cycle, electricity, magnets and mirrors are some other topics that are part of this subject and introduce students to the phenomena- natural and artificial- around them.
Social studies are the subject that talks about how the past shapes the present in history; how nature and its various phenomena work in geography and how the political system and our society work in civics.
To find the subject that you have more interest in or to know which subject you are doing well in, it is important to first know the basics of every subject. This is how the topics covered in each subject in primary classes help the students.