Many of us dedicate ourselves to this profession by vocation. Many of you are studying it. Some of you are thinking of studying it, and others do not even consider it. Let’s see if together we explain, to all those considering traveling this arduous path, how to become one of this guild so, sometimes, rewarding. For example, to become a graphic designer, you need to meet the following requirements.
1. Have a vocation as a designer.
If you don’t like this, dedicate yourself to something else. The same could be said of any trade, but I would dare to say that in this case, even more insistently since you have to create, and creating without taste has to be painful.
2. Carry out the corresponding studies
There are many courses to learn to handle specific programs, even in bundles out there. Do not be fooled. That is not the way. To be a graphic designer, you will have to go to an art school or university and study advertising graphics there.
3. Understand the handling of different kinds of software
Design applications (Illustrator, Freehand, Photoshop, etc.) for image processing for editorial design (Indesign). Administrators of scanner software, printer drivers, etc. As is visible, it is also necessary to manage well in Windows operating systems, Mac Os, and frequently Linux.
4. Have knowledge of typing and typing
You have to know fonts and know the differences between their families: Serif, Sans Serif, Script, Cursive, decorative, etc. You also have to be agile writing with the computer since in the world of design; not only shapes and colors are used. You have to write a lot.
5. Have knowledge of prepress.
This is the pre-printing phase (as the name suggests). The designer is responsible for ensuring that everything goes well before putting the work in machines. The final files must be prepared with crop marks, bleeds in four-color (CMYK), and corresponding resolution for printing (usually 300 pixels per inch).
6. Have knowledge of web applications
Before, the designer used his work for printing. Today one could say that half is for printing and the other half for digital formats. You have to understand that the screen interpretation is 72 pixels per inch; the monitor’s shades are Red, Green and Blue. That full HD is 1920×1080 pixels; it is also good to understand the virtual devices’ various resolutions.
7. Have a client.
If no one entrusts you with a job, you will not be able to practice it, so you will have to do the commercial work in case you still do not work in any company. You must compile the job you are doing and group them in a “Portfolio.” Post it on the internet to be able to access a wider audience of customers. This will be your cover letter.