Last Updated on August 4, 2023 by Tabraiz
Bone fractures (breaks in the bone) are common. They may be caused by a fall, direct blow, or other trauma to the body. Bone fractures can also be caused by certain diseases that weaken the bones, such as osteoporosis. Regarding fractures East Brunswick, you need to understand that there are different types of fractures, each with its symptoms and treatment options.
When you suffer from a bone fracture, it can be difficult to put any weight on the affected area. This can make getting around very difficult and, in some cases, impossible.
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These are some of the common causes of bone fractures:
- Trauma: This happens when a force is exerted on a bone that is greater than the bone can handle.
- Osteoporosis is a condition that weakens bones, making them more susceptible to fractures.
- Cancer: Bone cancer can weaken the bones and make them more likely to fracture.
- Metabolic diseases: Diseases such as diabetes and kidney disease can lead to bone fractures.
- Infections: Infections in the bone can cause the bone to weaken and eventually fracture.
There are four types of bone fractures:
Stress fractures are tiny cracks in the bone that occur from overuse or repetitive motion. Symptoms include pain that gets worse with activity and improves with rest. This fracture type is common in runners and other athletes.
Greenstick fractures are incomplete fractures in which the bone bends but does not break through. They are most common in children because their bones are more flexible than those of adults. Symptoms include pain, swelling, and tenderness at the site of the injury.
Transverse fractures are a break that occurs at a right angle to the shaft of the bone. They can be caused by direct trauma or twisting injuries. Symptoms include pain, swelling, and bruising at the site of the injury.
Oblique fractures are diagonal breaks in the bone. They can be caused by direct trauma or twisting injuries. You can often tell if you have this type of fracture by looking at the position of the injured limb.
Treatment options for bone fractures depend on the fracture type and the injury’s severity. For most fractures, the treatment involves:
- Wearing a cast or splint: This helps to immobilize the bone so it can heal properly. The cast should be worn for about 4-8 weeks.
- Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be needed to repair the fracture. This is usually done with metal pins, screws, or plates. The surgery will help to hold the bone in place while it heals.
- Physical therapy: Physical therapy can help to strengthen the muscles and improve the range of motion.
- Medications: Pain medications may be needed to help relieve pain. Anti-inflammatory can also help to reduce swelling.
Bone fractures can be painful and debilitating, but most people fully recover with proper treatment. In some cases, however, the bone may not heal properly, leading to long-term problems. If you have a bone fracture, it is important to follow your doctor’s instructions and get plenty of rest so you can heal properly; visit Mid Atlantic Orthopedic Associates, LLP, and a fracture specialist will help you.