Last Updated on February 24, 2024 by Saira Farman
Table of Contents
What is carbohydrates?
Today we’re going to talk about carbohydrates and sugars and all the confusions that come along with a carb. People talk about complex carbohydrates, simple carbohydrates, polysaccharides. It’s very confusing what a carbohydrate is and how does that different than sugar.
So let’s just clear that up carbohydrates are made up of sugars starches and fiber.
The biochemical name for carbohydrates is a saccharide.
So basically, carbohydrates are a compound of these. These are saccharides, and the number of saccharides classifies carbohydrates.
The Greek word for saccharides is sugar.
Now we have monosaccharides.
Mono means single or one.
So monosaccharide would be glucose or fructose or galactose. This would be considered pure sugar. You also have dextrose in others, but I’m going to keep it fairly basic. next one and there’s four is dye saccharides, dye means two.
It’s called two monosaccharides, so an example of a disaccharide would be like table sugar or sucrose. That’s the same thing.
Navigating through the diverse forms of carbohydrates, from simple sugars to complex starches, involves recognizing their role in providing the energy needed for daily activities. It’s not just about counting calories; it’s about understanding the impact of carbohydrates on blood sugar levels, metabolism, and overall well-being. As we explore the significance of carbohydrates, we unravel the complex relationship between diet and energy, highlighting the essential role these macronutrients play in sustaining a healthy and active lifestyle.
Sucrose is composed of glucose and fructose. Another example would be lactose milk sugar. It’s composed of glucose and galactose.
So that’s what a disaccharide is pretty simple the disaccharide and these other two I’m going to talk about make up the complex carbohydrates.
This is simple; these are the complex.
Now we’re going to get to legal saccharides, so illegal saccharides are three to nine of these guys.
All right last one polysaccharides, poly means many, and this would be about ten or more of these guys, and that would be like a starch here are some examples, potato, rice, wheat, and corn, those are starches these are composed of many of these guys right here connected together.
And then you have the fiber is an example of a polysaccharide that would be called sails the thing about fiber that you should know is that fiber helps decrease the absorption of sugar.
So the more fiber you have like in celery, the less absorption of sugar you’re going to have.
Also, fiber decreases the sugar response.
So it decreases the sugar spike well guess what that’s it that’s the complexity of carbohydrate in relationship to a simple sugar complex sugars saccharides starches and fiber.
Some top 20 carbohydrate-rich foods:
The human body, of course, needs such nutrients that help to develop body functions and fitness.
Carbohydrates are one of the essential nutrients that are necessarily required to provide, as we have seen.
The energy calorie needed for the body comes from carbohydrates.
So the body won’t get sufficient energy due to lack of this nutrient and attack by hypoglycemia ketosis…
Now, let’s take a look at some top 20 carbohydrate-rich foods:
- brown rice.
- kidney beans
- brown bread.
- white rice.
- wheat flour.
Good and Delicious but you know…Try not to overdo it of course.
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