If you want to enter the filmmaking game and start shooting your own films, you need to know certain things to get ready for this field. You will need more than just technical knowledge and gear.
Cinematography is visual storytelling. Along with operating a camera properly and setting up lighting, you need to control what to present to the viewer by picking the right techniques that are best suited for the story. Here are some of the best cinematography techniques taught in an acting institute in Mumbai to show how your scene should be felt to the audience.
- Extreme Long Shot
It covers a very wide angle to show the subjects with environment, such as small birds in the canopy of jungle. When it comes to switching from one large city to another, it is used.
- Bird’s Eye Shot
It presents massive scales like extreme long shots but from an even higher angle where land shows abstract lines and shapes with buildings, roads, and trees. It is widely used for scene transitions and intros.
- Full Shot
Also known as long or wide shot, the full shot is very close to the area to present a better look of action. But it is not that close to be emotionally involved. Subjects are not that far to have full bodies in the angle. But it makes viewers feel like a bystander. Move in closely with a medium long shot to add some more intimacy.
- Medium Shot
With the help of medium shots, viewers can easily move in very close in an informative way rather than being emotional. Usually, a person is appeared in this frame from waist up and used for general scenes with interviews and dialogues. You can get in quite closer for medium close up to show emotions and expressions of character.
- Close Up Shots
It covers from the whole head to the neck and chin so viewers can get more engaged and influenced by emotions of a character. It frames more of the face rather than background. It creates more impact with facial expressions of the character.
- Extreme Close Up
This shot is captured carefully and is usually reserved for moments when it comes to make a scene more intense. You need to zoom in on the face and show just the eyes or hands. It also works for objects like brush strokes or ticking clocks. It is ideal to set the mood or add intimacy and drama.
- Over-the-shoulder shot
This shot shows the head and shoulder in foreground as out of focus with another object, person or background in focus. It is a vital cinematography technique when it comes to narrative filmmaking. It adds enough depth to the shot and helps make scenes of conversion look even more natural.
- Dutch Angle Shot
You just have to rotate the camera to any side until buildings and people tilt and the horizon is not parallel with the frame’s bottom. It is used carefully to present disorientation and uneasiness. It shows the unstable mental or emotional state of the character and adds the feeling of unsettling in a scene.
You need to coordinate this shot carefully up or down with some action to make it a beautiful shot. It can be used with a wide angle view to reveal something eventually at the end.
This is horizontally similar to tilting. It shows the surroundings. But you need to keep the panning flawless and easy to get the best results out of this shot. You can use something like Gimbal stabilizer when there is a final frame or action involved. These movements must be executed well to seem almost unnoticeable and natural without distracting viewers.
This shot has been evolved with time. It was once fast, jerky and cheesy. But it is now a lot smoother and slower to form a natural zoom effect without distracting viewers. It goes without saying that it improves focus on object, scene or character. A dolly zoom shot also forms a vertigo effect which is ideal for suspense movies. It smoothly zooms out with the lens when dolly gets closer in the right coordination to the subject.